According to the British Association of Dermatologists (BOD), HEMA is the # 1 allergen product in nail products and cosmetics.
Commonly known as 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate or hydroxyethyl methacrylate, these are monomers which are used to polymerise UV gels. The molecular size of HEMA is however much smaller and can be more easily absorbed into the skin.
In contrast, the European Scientific Committee for Consumer Safety (SCCS) – published a report stating that HEMA may be safe when applied appropriately to the nail plate. They concluded that concentrations of up to 35% are not likely to pose a risk and cause sensitisation, provided their use is restricted to the nail plate only and contact with the adjacent skin is avoided. Unfortunately, many brands use higher concentration, some well above 35% and they pose additional risk factors.
Hydroxypropyl methacrylate (2-HPMA), which is also called hydroxypropyl methacrylate (HPMA) is classified as the second most common nail product allergen according to the BOD.
It is frequently used by some brands as an alternative to HEMA and in HEMA-free acrylic liquid. As a consequence, those who changed to HEMA-free monomer because they already had an allergy to HEMA, often then develop an allergy to HPMA as well.
WHAT DOES ’10 FREE’ MEAN?
Have you ever wondered if there are any toxic chemical ingredients in the beauty products you use? We, at Lola Lee, care about what goes into our products. In the beauty industry, there are 3 different ratings: 5 Free, 7 Free and 10 Free, with 10 Free being considered the purest of all ‘free’ Gel and Nail Polishes. Lola Lee has developed a range of hardwearing and long-lasting Gel and Nail Polishes that are 10 Free, meaning they are free from the following chemicals and ingredients:
Formaldehyde is used as a preservative in cosmetics. A known carcinogen that is also linked to asthma, neurotoxicity, and developmental toxicity.
Toluene is a solvent used in polish to help it dry quickly; the health concerns associated with excessive exposure to this ingredient may include nervous system impairment and immune, kidney, liver, and reproductive effects.
Phthalates (DBP, DEHP, DEP and others): A class of plasticizing chemicals used to make products more pliable. Phthalates disrupt the endocrine system and may cause birth defects. is a respiratory irritant, which poses the most hazard to nail technicians who may become exposed to large amounts.
Camphor is a fragrant resin still included in many nail products, but it can cause headaches, nausea and dizziness in high amounts.
Formaldehyde resin can release formaldehyde; the short-term effects of formaldehyde exposure include respiratory and skin irritation. Long-term exposure is suspected to cause cancer.
Ethyl tosylamide is banned from use in cosmetics by the European Commission but is still used in the United States. This ingredient is suspected of causing developmental and reproductive toxicity and has strong antibiotic properties.
Xylene, when exposed to high concentrations in the air, can cause central nervous system depression and headaches.
Parabens are a common preservative but are a suspected endocrine disruptor.
Animal ingredients: Many high end nail polish and cosmetic brands regularly include animal by-products. This may not be toxic but is certainly an ingredient that Lola Lee has totally excluded in its Nail Polish range.
TPHP (Triphenyl phosphate) is a plasticizer, as well as a fire retardant, and studies have linked it to changes in normal hormone function.
Lola Lee Nail Polish is also made without any animal-derived ingredients and is Gluten free.